God Particle

                                                GOD PARTICLE

Vs.

(KAN KAN MAIN BAGHWAN) means God in every particle that was declared few thousand ago by Indian Saint. It was not a surprise that an Indian scientist first mentioned Satyendra Nath Bose and on his name it was called Boson Particle. 

The world does not want to show Indian Culture of progress to show in all field of life. May be S. N. Bose do not have the facility of a practical like Cern in Switzerland and France. Mr. Bose may have found this particle. Even 84 year old Peter Higs of England who announce the presence of such particle took 27 year of life to prove it. How much money, man power, time and energy spend on this. This research was done few year back on a particle scientist found in matter. These are not my finding. I have taken it from a research for reference

Quarks are fundamental matter particles that are constituents of neutrons and protons and other hadrons. There are six different types of quarks. Each quark type is called a flavour.

Flavour

Mass
 
(Gave/c2)

Electric Charge
 
(e)

u

up

0.004

+2/3

d

down

0.008

-1/3

c

charm

1.5

+2/3

s

strange

0.15

-1/3

t

top

176

+2/3

b

bottom

4.7

-1/3

Quarks only exist inside hadrons because they are confined by the strong (or colour charge) force fields. Therefore, we cannot measure their mass by isolating them. Furthermore, the mass of a hadron gets contributions from quark kinetic energy and from potential energy due to strong interactions. For hadrons made of the light quark types, the quark mass is a small contribution to the total hadron mass. For example, compare the mass of a proton (0.938 GeV/c2) to the sum of the masses of two up quarks and one down quark (total of 0.02 GeV/c2).

So the question is, what do we mean by the mass of a quark and how do we measure it. The quantity we call quark mass is actually related to the m in F = ma (force = mass x acceleration). This equation tells us how an object will behave when a force is applied. The equations of particle physics include, for example, calculations of what happens to a quark when struck by a high energy photon.  The parameter we call quark mass controls its acceleration when a force is applied. It is fixed to give the best match between theory and experiment both for the ratio of masses of various hadrons and for the behaviour of quarks in high energy experiments. However, neither of these methods can precisely determine quark masses.  If we cannot separate them out, how do we know they are there? The answer is simply that all our calculations depend on their existence and give the right answers for the experiments.

For example, when we bounce electrons off of protons and neutrons, the pattern of scattering angles observed is characteristic of point-like spin-1/2 scatters. The relative rates for electron versus neutrino scattering are that predicted from the quark electric charges. The process of electron-positron annihilation to quark pairs gives similar characteristic predictions, all these are also confirmed experimentally. The accumulation of many such results, where experiments match predictions based on quarks, convinces us that quarks are real.